Mobilization of the Homefront

After Pearl Harbor, the Defense program was replaced by the Victory program. "Its three central targets were planes, tanks, and merchant shipping."Although the 77th Congress "was probably the most despised political body in twentieth-century American history" it gave FDR "the power to reorganize government agencies, establish censorship, seize alien-owned property and award contracts without competitive bidding." The federal government "was growing at a rate and on a scale that eclipsed even the headiest New Deal days." Much of this growth was welcome. "Most sensitive of all, however, was the matter of domestic propaganda."

The U.S. war production increased, but consumer production continued. The U.S. never fully mobilized the economy and FDR remained the "broker" president. The military-industrial complex becam more powerful and civil liberties suffered. Liberal reforms failed to rise above conservative priorities, waste and poor management. War agencies were regarded as strictly temporary and many things returned to pre-war status after 1945.

War Production Board

OPA and Rationing

OCD and Scrap Drives

War Manpower Commission and Women

War Labor Board

War Food Administration and Farmers

FBI and Civil Liberties

Office of Scientific Research and Development

OWI and Propaganda

Brinkley on Washington DC

Negro Soldier

Henry Kaiser

Reuben Fleet

Pat McCarran

Sgt. Housewife
Sgt. Housewife
Sgt. Housewife
Sgt. Housewife
Sgt. Housewife
Sgt. Housewife
Jeremiah O'Brien
Liberty Ship Jeremiah O'Brien

Resources:


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