Indian Policies 1851-1890

1923 West - pictures -->

1. Concentration

2. Reservation

3. Peace Policy

Crazy Horse Monument in 1980
See the Highlights of the 50th Anniversary celebration in 1998

4. Force Policy

"If the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian he can live in peace.... Treat all men alike. Give them all the same law. Give them all an even chance to live and grow. All men were made by the same Great Spirit Chief. They are all brothers. The earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it.... Let me be a free man -- free to travel, free to stop, free to work, free to trade, where I choose, free to choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion of my fathers, free to think and talk and act for myself -- and I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty." (quote from Chief Joseph, pictured left, in 1879 speech in Washington, D.C.)

5. Assimilation

6. Americanization

map from NYT - see article

7. Severalty


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