Newsreel History 1900-1945

Bonus Disk for the 44-DVD Complete Set

DVD-ROM includes list of all newsreels & expanded history with pictures

1894/01/07 - "Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7, 1894, by W.K.L. Dickson," also titled "Sneeze" or "Fred Ott's Sneeze," filmed ca. January 2-7, 1894, in Edison's Black Maria studio by cameraman William Heise, published in the United States by the Edison Manufacturing Co., copyright to W. K. L. Dickson, Jan. 9, 1894. This was a five-second film at 16 fps made for publicity purposes, as a series of still photographs to accompany an article in Harper's weekly. SOURCE: 0026A.mpg, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1894/03/06 - "Sandow, the modern Hercules, a Souvenir strip of the Edison Kinetoscope," published by Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; copyright by W.K.L. Dickson May 18, 1894, filmed by cameraman William Heise in Edison's Black Maria studio, duration of 40 secs. at 16 fps. Eugen Sandow, aka Friedrich Muller, was managed and publicized by vaudeville promoter Flo Ziegfeld. SOURCE: 4018.mpg, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1894/06/14 - Leonard-Cushing boxing match, filmed June 14, 1894, by cameraman William Heise for Thomas Edison in Edison's Black Maria studio published by the Kinetoscope Exhibiting Co., produced by W.K.L. Dickson. Caption from Edison films catalog: "An actual six-round contest between Mike Leonard, commonly called the 'Beau Brummel' of pugilism, and Jack Cushing. Full of hard fighting, clever hits, punches, leads, dodges, body blows and some slugging. Sold by rounds. Each round contains 150 feet. Price each round, $22.50." This film only shows one round of 37 secs. at 30 fps. SOURCE: 4026.mpg, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1898/04/01 - Morro Castle, Havana Harbor by Thomas A. Edison. This caption is from Edison's War Extra catalog: "A most excellent picture of the grim old fortress which stands at the entrance of Havana Harbor. The high ramparts and lofty battlements look very formidable. Parts of the stronghold date back to the seventeenth century. While the yacht from which the picture is taken sails around the promontory, an excellent view is afforded of the entire fortress. Waves are seen dashing up against the rocks at the foot of abutments. The lighthouse and sentry-box are so near that the guard is plainly seen pacing up and down. The photograph is excellent; and in view of a probable bombardment, when the old-fashioned masonry will melt away like butter under the fire of 13-inch guns, the view is of historic value." Filmed ca. March 17 to April 1, 1898, in Havana Harbor, Cuba. SOURCE: 1046.mpg, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1900 - Thomas Armat trick film shows an artist bringing to life drawings in a large book and returning them to their pages. (2) An automobile explodes and its parts litter a street. SOURCE: 200-140D National Archives, College Park MD

1916/07/22 - San Francisco's Future - part 1 of the film begins with title card: "The warning signal sounded at Preparedness Day Parade. July 22, 1916." Phoebe Hearst marches in parade. With the rise of Bolshevism and labor unrest, San Francisco's business community was nervous. The Chamber of Commerce organized a Law and Order Committee, despite the diminishing influence and political clout of local labor organizations. Radical labor was a small but vociferous minority which few took seriously. Violence, however, was imminent. (2) The huge Preparedness Day parade of Saturday, July 22, 1916, was the target date. A radical pamphlet of mid-July read in part, "We are going to use a little direct action on the 22nd to show that militarism can't be forced on us and our children without a violent protest." At 2:06 pm, about half an hour into the parade, a bomb exploded on the west side of Steuart Street, just south of Market Street, near the Ferry Building. The bomb was concealed in a suitcase; ten bystanders were killed and forty wounded in the worst terrorist act in San Francisco history. San Francisco screamed with anger and outrage. Two known radical labor leaders -- Thomas Mooney (ca. 1882-1942) and his assistant, Warren K. Billings (1893-1972) -- were arrested. The camera looks down on a civilian division of the parade from the Call Building at 3rd and Market streets. The view is northeast toward Kearny Street. The Chronicle Building is at the top, the Hearst Building at lower right, and the Mutual Savings Bank at left. Phoebe Apperson Hearst, marshall of the Women's Board division, is prodded to raise her flag and proceed. Mrs. Hearst (1842-1919), widow of Senator George Hearst and mother of William Randolph Hearst, was a major patron of the arts in San Francisco, including the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, and a major benefactor of the University of California. At 2:40 pm, she led the women's parade, 37 companies of loyal society women. The location of the Market Street view is unclear. (3) Part 2 of the film starts with title card: "10 Killed - 60 Wounded - In Bomb Explosion On Market Street. The following moving pictures were actually taken by the Hearst-Pathe News Service, a few minutes after the bomb explosion at Stewart and Market Streets." SOURCE: lcmp003.48888, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1917 - Roosevelt Scenes 1917-1918 from Hearst-Pathe News - Views of TR at various public functions in support of the war effort: 1) TR stands with Brigadier General Michael J. Lenihan, fellow-officer in the Spanish-American War, and speaks to camera during an informal visit to Camp Mills, near Garden City, N.Y., on Sept. 2, 1917; -- on the lawn of Sagamore Hill on Aug. 22, 1917, TR and members of the Belgian mission pose for camera; identified in group are Capt. Thomas C. Cook, American Army officer; Hector Carlier, a secretary of the mission; Major Leon Osterrieth, Belgian Army officer; George T. Wilson and Frederic Coudert, prominent New Yorkers; Baron Ludovic Moncheur, former Ambassador to the United States and head of the mission; General Mathieu Leclercq, Commander of the Belgian Cavalry; Jean D. Mertens, a secretary of the mission; T. P. O'Connor, Irish political leader and writer; and Count Louis d'Ursel, Belgian Army officer and diplomat; -- at Forest Hills, N.Y., on July 4, 1917, TR reviews and marches with the Forest Hills Rifle Club; -- on Sept. 28, 1917, TR speaks at a large pro-war parade in St. Paul, Minn., with Minnesota Governor Joseph A. A. Burnquist (1915-1921) standing behind him on platform; -- supporting the Liberty Loan effort in Billings, Mont., TR parades through downtown Billings street, preceded by cowboys on horseback; -- at Camp Grant, Rockford, Ill., TR and Thomas H. Barry, Commander of the camp, address troops on Sept. 26, 1917; -- TR speaks to crowds at the launching of the U.S.S. Newburgh in Newburgh, N.Y., Sept. 2, 1918; (2) from the porch at Sagamore TR addresses volunteer workers for the third Liberty Loan on April 2, 1918; --) TR is in Springfield, Ill. on Aug. 26, 1918 to endorse a rapid ending of the war; 10) final sequence may be of TR arriving at the Naval Service Club in Boston on May 2, 1918, in an open car with man who is probably president of the club, F. Nathaniel Perkins. SOURCE: trmp.4139, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1918/09/27 - President Wilson Arrives in New York to Lead Fourth Liberty Loan Parade 1918 from Hearst Pathe News - Views of fourth Liberty Loan ceremonies in New York City and Washington, Sept. 1918. Inaugurating a national drive for the sale of liberty bonds, President Wilson, his wife Edith, and mother-in-law, Mrs. W. H. Bolling, arrive in New York on Sept. 27, 1918. At Pennsylvania Railroad Station they are greeted by crowds and joined by the President's two daughters, Margaret Wilson and Eleanor McAdoo, as they enter a touring car en route to the Waldorf-Astoria. Views of flag-lined Fifth Avenue on the following day, with flags of the twenty-two Allied nations and banners supporting liberty bonds filling the Avenue. Emile Cartier, Belgian Minister to the United States, speaks at the dedication of the Altar of Liberty, an open-air structure in Madison Square designed by Thomas Hastings in support of the Liberty Loan effort; marching soldiers and band. On the south portico of the U.S. Treasury Building in Washington, D.C., Geraldine Farrar, member of the Metropolitan Opera Company, ceremonially sells bond to Secretary of the Treasury William Gibbs McAdoo as Leo S. Rowe, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, watches. SOURCE: trmp.4136, Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Washington, D.C.

1921/03 - Hearst International News distributed by Universal: (1) Explores the ruins: buildings and sculpture of Pompeii. (2) "Gay Riviera's naval battle of flowers;" decorated craft contend for prizes. (3) British seizure of German cities on the Rhine; tanks occupy the streets. "Lloyd George, Marshal Foch and Premier Briand of France discuss further measures against Germany." (4) University of California, Davis students clean up animals for annual stock show. (5) Pictures of Cardinal Gibbons, who died at 86 years old, (6) Prince of Wales rides in the National Hunt Steeplechase, falls off his horse but remounts to finish the race. (7) The battleship Colorado is launched; Asst. Sec. of the Navy Roosevelt attends, (8) Schools in Chicago, Illinois use grocery store as an teaching technique to improve students' arithmetic. (9) Homes are demolished and trees uprooted in Buffalo, New York by a northern gale, (10) U.S. buys a dirigible from Italy, which is christened in Washington, DC. (11) Chauncey Depew, at 87, says he's "going to live to be 100 or die in the attempt." (12) Italian Ambassador Ricci transfers dirigible to Sec. of War Weeks; Miss Penrose Wainwright christens ship with a bottle of liquid air. (complete silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200.439 National Archives, College Park MD

1924 - "Fording the Lincoln Highway." Ten Millionth Ford, advertising film from the Ford Motor Company Collection, scenes of the Model T (silent advertising film) SOURCE: 200-FC-189, National Archives, College Park MD

1926/08/06 - Gertrude Ederle - Newsreel story in 1959 remembers 33 years earlier when Gertrude Ederle, returning to New York from England, was the first woman to swim the English Channel Aug. 6, New York City's first ticker-tape parade in 1926, setting precedent for Lindbergh next year. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 32-69 National Archives, College Park MD

1933/01/30 - 25 Years Ago - Hitler came to power, in NY thousands marched in protest; Mussolini celebrated 10th anniversary of march on Rome; first films of CCC camps; walkathon contest in Chicago; next fad from England of women smoking pipes; everyone did jigsaw puzzles. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 31-64, National Archives, College Park MD

1933/03/09 - Big Pines, CA: kids and dogs in Junior Mushing snow race (2) Lakeside OH: ice shanties on runners for ice fishing (3) Knights Landing CA: airplane used to plant rice (4) Imst, Austria: Tirolean Phantom Dance spring pageant (5) Schreiberhau, Germany: Roumanian team wins ice toboggan bob-sled race in the Riesen Mountains. (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 05-126 National Archives, College Park MD

1933/03/16 - Rome, Italy: Excavations Reveal Priceless Art Ruins Over 2000 Years Old - Mussolini's workers clear the famous Forum of Augustus, Temple of Venus, Trajan's Forum "The most significant archeological effort of the day." (2) Katherine Spector, 19-year old piano teacher, wins New York beauty contest in the Purium Festival of the Jewish national Workers' Alliance to become "the prettiest Jewish girl in America" (3) San Pedro CA: Admiral Leigh views big navy display and 300 airplanes (4) Miami, Florida horse race at Hialeah won by Charlie O (5) Newark Bears baseball practice at Clearwater Florida. (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 05-128 National Archives, College Park MD

1933/03/20 - Huejotzingo, Mexico: Indians restage famous 1862 battle (2) Miami, FL: speedboat race in Biscayne Bay won by Walter Everett of Tulsa (3) Odd Bits In Today's News: catching fish with nets on the Columbia River at Kelso, Washington; Gigantic Jig Saw Tests Skill of Stars Tom Brown, Dorothy Layton, Marion Shilling, June Clyde, Marian Shockley at Universal City, CA who piece together puzzle on ground; Peoria Illinois demonstration of gasoline made from corn (4) New York City parade of Irish on St. Patrick's Day. (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 05-129 National Archives, College Park MD

1933/03/30 - Japanese Tots Seen As Animated Dolls in Quaint Pageant" in Wilmington CA children fashion show of the East San Pedro elementary school (2) Work Speeded On Huge Structures For World's Fair in Chicago (3) men put on whiskers for baseball game closing spring training in St. Petersburg FL, including Babe Ruth of the Yankees (4) "20,000 Beer Cases In Skyscraper Pile Ready for April 7th" in Chicago, "a stack of cased brew as extensive and as high as a city apartment house block is the amazing sight that meets the eye on the grounds of a large brewery here. Almost five million bottles, a veritable mountain of drinks, await the Zero Hour when the 3.2 howitzers will begin to pop." (5) "New York Rangers Outplay Detroit Red Wings in Furious Hockey Game" (6) "Washington DC: The first screen interview by the newly appointed chief of Pres. Roosevelt's consolidated Federal agricultural agencies, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., in which he promises prompt action as to dates, loans, mortgages and refinancing and calls upon farmers to tell their troubles to him without delay." (partial newsreel, all silent except some sound of Morgenthau speaking) SOURCE: 200 Universal 05-132 National Archives, College Park MD

1935/02/11 - 25 Years Ago - Depression era, high speed presses turned out baby bonds, FDR bought first ones from Farley, Huey Long spoke from Louisiana, Wiley Post, Daytona Beach speedster BlueBird by Sir Malcolm Campbell. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 33-13, National Archives, College Park MD

1935/05/30 - 25 Years Ago - Mussolini demonstrates gas attack outside Rome; AAA of FDR: Patman bonus bill sent to FDR, vetoed by FDR, but passed over his veto, supported by Huey Long: Coughlin rally in Madison Square Garden; NRA ruled unconstitutional; 17 survivors of Civil War in NY parade; 25th year of Indy 500 car race won at 106 mph. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 33-41, National Archives, College Park MD

1935/09/01 - 25 Years Ago - Squaw Valley. Pageantry Marks Olympic Opening - Squaw Valley CA 8th Winter Olympics opening ceremonies, Nixon declared games open, doves released, "a contest where national achievements will have major propaganda value around the world. Each Olympian gold medal will count as a diplomatic coup." (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 33-16, National Archives, College Park MD

1935/10/01 - 25 Years Ago - Mussolini poised to invade Ethiopia, allies met at Geneva, League voted sanctions, Pierre Laval, Fancour of France, Italian troops march, map of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie and his troops. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 33-77, National Archives, College Park MD

1935/11/01 - China Clipper - Newsreel story in 1959 remembers 24 years earlier when the China Clipper flying boat left San Francisco 24 years ago, on first transpacific scheduled flight, today Hawaii celebrated the anniversary. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 32-35 National Archives, College Park MD

1936/08/01 - 25 Years Ago - Spanish Civil War (sound broken up); Hitler arrived at 1936 Berlin Olympics, Jesse Owens race; women sledders with wax bottoms. (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-39, National Archives, College Park MD

1937/05/10 - "Lakehurst, NJ: Mutilated passengers and members of the ill-fated Hindenburg's crew are placed in speedy ambulances for transport to hospitals all over the region. Many survivors are in critical condition, and doctors rush every known remedy in efforts to bring relief for their suffering. Several persons make miraculous escapes from the blazing ship. The dirigible lies upon the field, a twisted, useless mass of smoke-blackened girders, as the United States Department of Commerce launches an inquiry to determine the cause of the disaster." (no sound) (2) Guest make Own Beds (3) FDR Battles Big Tarpon - "Port Aransas, Texas: The President lands a 77-pound tarpon after a struggle that lasts nearly an hour and a half. The big fish is over five feet long, but finally succumbs to the Chief Executive's skill with the reel and line." shows FDR fishing in small boat (4) Dick Merrill Hops Atlantic Ocean with co-pilot Jack Lambie arriving in England after 20 hours (5) 70,000 Fans See War Admiral win Kentucky Derby horserace (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 09-561 National Archives, College Park MD

1937/07/18 - 25 Years Ago - Amelia Earhardt; Russians set distance record flying over North Pole; record heat wave - humorous. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-67, National Archives, College Park MD

1937/09/01 - 25 Years Ago - Shanghai bombed, civilians evacuated; San Diego 1200 Marines march to their transports. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-75, National Archives, College Park MD

1937/12/12 - Yesterday's Big Story - gunboat Panay in 1937 on Yangtze patrol attacked by Japanese planes, sneak attack like Pearl Harbor 4 years later. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 36-9, National Archives, College Park MD

1939/04/01 - 25 Years Ago - 18th anniversary of end of Spanish revolution in Spain, Franco and daughter watch soldiers, "the caudillo looks on with pride, 18 years of peace and rebuilding." (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 30-30, National Archives, College Park MD

1939/05/24 - Manitowac, Wisconsin: 700 take citizenship oath (no sound) (2) Los Angeles - Constellation DC-4 passenger plane (3) Mt. Hamilton, CA: fighter plane crashes into observatory in fog (4) Parade of Pets in Eugene, Oregon (5) Angels Camp CA: jumping frogs (6) King and Queen in Canada (no sound), place wreath, closeup from side, ride in car. (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 11-774 National Archives, College Park MD

1939/10/11 - New York - City of Tomorrow exhibit (2) "Irvington NY: Terpsichorines Greet Spring By Leaps and Bounds" (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 11-815 National Archives, College Park MD

1940/07/29 - On The War Front - English Channel: Stuka planes attack convoy ships, Spitfires defend (2) London, England: buildings burn in big timber yard fire (3) America Prepares - Philadelphia: production of artillery shells at Frankford Arsenal; Springfield, MA: rifles manufactured at Garand factory; (4) New York, NY: new SS America passenger liner in harbor; (5) Mexico, D.F.: Aztec temple and Goddess of Earth statue unearthed (6) Salt Lake City: Covered Wagon Days parade with Wendell Willkie (silent partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 12-897 National Archives, College Park MD

1941/04/24 - "Fort Myer, VA: A new departure in tank construction - the trackless tank! The amazing reconnaissance car has four sets of huge rubber wheels, every one knee-action! It triumphs over obstacles with ease!" test of 8-wheel vehicle (2) "Bremerton, Wash.: Hundreds of workers of the Puget Sound Navy Yard learn from Navy officers how to don gas masks in a hurry. They get actual gas chamber experience, and try working in gas masks." (3) "Fort George Meade, MD: 'Spike' Webb, Navy Academy boxing coach, gives members of the 175th Infantry a few pointers for 'close in' work! It's not mechanized warfare, but it's a novel 'Blitz' anybody can understand!" (4) "Washington, DC: Agriculture Secretary Claude Wickard looks over the millions of ballots being printed for a nation-wide referendum May 31st on the question of wheat quotas! 10,000,000 persons will be affected by the balloting." (5) Philadelphia: latest Feminine Frills fashions with male members of the Manufacturers and Bankers Clubs dressing up in their wives' clothes. (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 13-974 National Archives, College Park MD

1941/04/29 - World of Sports - Marineland FL mermaids feed porpoises (2) Charleston, SC: Azelea Festival and queen and parade (3) Toronto, Canada: Film Star Takes Leading Role in War Aid Pageant. (partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 13-975 National Archives, College Park MD

1945/02 - Yesterday's Big Story - Yalta on Black Sea in Feb. 1945 meeting of Big 3, FDR, Churchill, Stalin, Harry Hopkins and Eden; FDR reported to Congress, speaks about his polio when he apologizes for sitting and not carrying 10 pounds of steel on his legs, his last major public appearance, dead 6 weeks later. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 36-17, National Archives, College Park MD

1947/03/24 - "Floods Sweep Britain - Already facing serious shortages due to winter's hardships, England is hard hit by another ravage of nature. Floods! The loss in crops and livestock is mounting as flood waters sweep over the lowlands." (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 20-24 National Archives, College Park MD

1955/10/06 - Nike on Guard. missile defense around Seattle. (poor quality partial silent newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 28-715, National Archives, College Park MD

1955/10/17 - Speedster Sinks. Malcolm Campbell Jet Boat Founders after Run, boat "Bluebird" sinks on Lake Mead. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 28-718, National Archives, College Park MD

1955/10/20 - Boeing 707 jet transport sets record (2) Paris auto show (3) "New Look in Handbags" in leather, at NY airport, fashions.(partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 28-719, National Archives, College Park MD

1955/10/24 - Saar voters reject Europeanization Plan and economic links with France, a victory for German plans for reunification (2) Yuma air base for jet marksmanship competition using rockets (3) NY Yankees on tour in Japan, Yankee Day in Tokyo for parade. (partial sound newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 28-720, National Archives, College Park MD

This DVD33 includes a selection of Universal Newsreels reproduced from reference cassettes at the National Archives, College Park MD, and is available only as a Bonus Disc in the 44-DVD complete set of Universal Newsreels available from the University of San Diego Bookstore.
revised 12/17/07 by Steven Schoenherr | Universal Newsreels on DVD