U.S. policy changed at end of 1937

"War in China July 7, 1937, to July 7, 1938" map of "Last Weeks Fighting" with Panay location Dec. 12, 1937, from Time July 1938 - bg
Pacific map, from ILN 1941/10/25
USS Yorktown - Fast Carriers
Man and Woman of the Year, from Time, Jan. 1938
P-40s over Trinidad, from National Geographic 1942/06

Nov. 24 - Japan troops landed at Hangshow Bay near Shanghai

Dec. 13 - fall of Nanking - 200,000 killed

Dec. 12 - U.S. gunboat Panay attacked by Japan planes

Panay & Nanking caused FDR to act:

Jan. 21, 1938 - March of Time released Inside Nazi Germany

Feb. 20, 1938 - Hitler announced support for Japan.

China war became internationalized like Spain.

U.S. public opinion more willing to take strong stand against Japan rather than Germany.

May 17 - Vinson-Trammel Naval Expansion Act

newsreels: "Pacific Armada" including USS Lexington (Feb. 4, 1932) and Akron and Pacific storm (Feb. 18, 1932)

August 1938 - Korean border skirmish Japan vs. Soviet troops

by 1938, Japan conquered eastern third of China.

March 1938 - Japanese general mobilization law

China Lobby emerged in U.S.

Secret Air War in China


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