China Incident 1937

China map - bg
Shanghai baby, still frame from 9/15/37 newsreel
Quarantine speech outdoors in Chicago 10/05/37, photo from FDRL
Quarantine speech outdoors in Chicago 10/05/37, photo from FDRL - cu

Japan had become more militant, refused international solution to China problem

Sept. 1935 - Fred. Leith-Ross mission

Dec. 12, 1936 - Sian incident - Chiang kidnapped by Manchurian warlord Yang

July 5, 1937 - 2 days before Marco Polo bridge incident - formal KMT-CCP agreement

July 7 - incident at the Marco Polo bridge

July 16 - Hull's declaration for "peaceful solution" - 60 nations

July 17 - 10 days after Marco Polo bridge incident, Chiang sent troops to north

July 28 - Japan bombers struck 3 cities

Aug. 13 - terror bombing of Shanghai - beg. of continual Sino-Japan War, but called only "Incident"

Aug. 17 - FDR didnot invoke Neutrality Act but said it was on "a 24-hour basis" until a formal declaration of war or a real threat to the U.S.

Aug. 29 - U.S. freighter Wichita sailed from Baltimore with 19 planes for China, but Aug. 25 Japan declared blockade of China coast.

Sept. 13 - Maritime Commission chairman Joseph Kennedy ordered American Pioneer Line to detain Wichita in San Pedro CA - unloaded planes and continued on to Hong Kong

Sept. 14 - FDR declared no government-owned ship to carry arms to China or Japan

Sept. 20 - DuPont Co. agreed not to sell arms to China or Japan, but U.S. exports to China and Japan continued, especially through England. Joseph Green, head of National Munitions Control Board, said later that he would issue export licenses for aircraft to nations that bomb civilians only "with great regret" - private aircraft industry complied and stopped aircraft exports to Japan, although total 1938 exports to Japan was $9,092,999.

Oct. 5 - FDR's Quarantine speech in Chicago

Oct. 6 - League called for 9-Power conference in Brussels

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