U.S. Isolationism in the Republican Era of "Normalcy" 1921-1933


Warren Harding 1921-23

Calvin Coolidge 1923-29

Herbert Hoover 1929-33

League opened Nov. 15, 1920 - pictures
   
State Dept. ca. 1910
   
4-Power Treaty 1921

Definition of Isolationism

  1. involvement without commitment - "advantages without obligations"
  2. no permanent, entanglinq alliances
  3. keep U.S. sovereign, free, at peace
  4. emphasis on legalism, not force
    • a "law-bound" world of Great Powers keeping order
  5. continue the Open Door concept

Assumptions

  1. U.S. unique with no interests threatened
  2. U.S. superior to a corrupt world
  3. U.S. impregnable to attack
  4. "devil" theory of war - film

"Keyhole Diplomacy"

Washington Conference of 1921

Billy Mitchell

Billy Mitchell

Debt Commissions

Rogers Act of 1924

Good Neighborism of 1927

Clark Memo of 1928

Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928

Arbitration and Conciliation treaties

London Naval Conference of 1930

Secretary of State Henry Stimson

Stimson Doctrine of 1931



Sources:

Links:

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