Dean Acheson, Secretary of State 1949-1953

Acheson sworn in 1/21/1949 by Justice Fred Vinson

1949/04/04 - NATO signed - a "vital" interest of the highest priority

1949/09/23 - Russia announced publicly its first successful test of the A-bomb (actually exploded July 14)

1949/10/01 - "fall" of China when Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China.

1949/12/01 - Chiang Kai-shek moved to Formosa and created Nationalist government.

1949/12/27 - Truman followed Acheson rather than Johnson, promised aid to Chiang but no military intervention.

1949/12/31 - NSC 48/2 defined SE Asia as a "major" interest, but only to support allies.

1950/01/12 - "perimeter" speech to National Press Club

1950/01/30 - Truman approved H-bomb development, and ordered a re-evaluation of American policy that resulted in NSC-68 by April 12; Paul Nitze replaced George Kennan in PPC.

1950/02/09 - Joseph McCarthy speech at Wheeling said 57 communists in State Dept. (later 205, then 81)

1950/02/14 - Sino-Soviet 30-year alliance treaty signed after Mao's 2-month visit with Stalin in Moscow Dec. '49 - Jan. '50.

1950/03/01 - Klaus Fuchs arrested in Britain for atomic spying.

1950/04/12 - Truman approved NSC-68.

1950/04/20 - Truman called for "Campaign of Truth" to puncture the Russian "Big Lie"

Sources:


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