Manchuria Sept 18, 1931

Hirohito in 1928, was more than a figurehead in Japan according to Herbert Bix
Japan as treaty-breaker 1931
Mitsubishi Nell bomber 1937
Mitsubishi Model A 1917

Mukden incident

"mud hut in Manchuria" - "1st step in the Tanaka plan"

Origin in Washington Treaty system of 1921

Treaty revision process at first accepted by Japan

but Japanese military opposed London Treaty and whole Washington Treaty system

Kwantung Army decided to act on its own (in Manchuria since 1905)

supported by mass media, newsreels, Zaibatsu elite

China and Germany and U. S. Response


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